History’s main objective is to serve as a focal point for a wide-ranging, tolerant, and intellectually rigorous examination of our existence: political institutions, leadership, society, economy, and culture.
Although some have a more extensive past than others, every country has a history.
Let’s take a look at the world’s top five wealthiest histories.
Due to the Nile River’s flow and rich banks and delta, as well as the achievements of Egypt’s native population and outside influence, Egypt’s history has been lengthy and prosperous.
Egypt is the top-ranked country out of a total of ten. Ancient Egypt’s history has delivered legends of great pharaohs and enigmatic secret rooms inside the Great Pyramid of Giza to the rest of the globe.
With the political union of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first monarch of the First Dynasty, Narmer, approximately 3150 BC, ancient Egyptian culture began to solidify.
Egypt was invaded in 332 BC by Alexander the Great of Macedon. From 30 BC until 641 AD, the Roman Empire ruled Egypt (including Byzantine). Then, except for French occupation from 1798 to 1801, Egypt was exclusively Ottoman until 1867.
The events that followed former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s almost three-decade tenure have dominated recent Egyptian history. During the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Mubarak deposed Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s first democratically elected president.
Italy’s history is the contemporary world’s history. It is possible to consider Italy to be Europe’s historical cornerstone since it has witnessed so many critical episodes in our shared past.
By 500 BC, Italy was inhabited by a diverse group of people of many ethnicities and backgrounds. The southern shore of Sicily’s island was peppered with minor Greek settlements. According to tradition, Romulus and Remus, twin brothers who claimed to be sons of the battle god Mars and fostered by a she-wolf as newborns, established Rome on April 21, 753 BC.
Julius Caesar’s nephew, Octavius, took power and crowned himself Emperor Augustus in 29 BC, after a protracted power struggle. The Roman Empire was established. During the following two hundred years, Rome prospered over a large region that stretched from Britain to Europe’s Atlantic coast.
Until the 14th century, prosperity returned to Italy when city-states like Florence, Milan, Pisa, Genoa, and Venice became trade hubs. As a result, Italy became Europe’s leading cultural hub due to an infusion of riches and increasing economic connections with distant nations.
The abundance of Figures like Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Dante, Machiavelli, and Galileo, among others, were funded by wealthy patrons and changed art, literature, politics, and science. Marco Polo and other Italian explorers
Until the 16th century, when trade routes migrated away from the Mediterranean and the Protestant Reformation culminated in the Catholic Church, Italy remained a powerful power center.
Until the 19th century, when Napoleon advocated the unification of Italy, Italy remained a patchwork of principalities governed by proxy by several European countries.
After the Second World War, Italy declared itself a republic, abolishing the monarchy. Italy rebuilt its economy with financing from the Marshall Plan, joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and became a staunch backer of the European Union, all with the help of the United States. As a result, Italy is one of Europe’s wealthiest and most democratic countries today.
Hellas or Ellada is the Greek name for Greece, a country in southeastern Europe. Greek philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer and Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (Herodotus), theater (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), the Olympic Games, and democracy all originated in Ancient Greece.
Democritus and Leucippus, two Greek philosophers, were the first to propose the idea of an atomic cosmos. Thales of Miletus and others who followed him were the first to develop the scientific method in its current form.
Greece’s location affected its culture with limited natural resources and was surrounded by water. Mountains encompass 80 percent of Greece, and only minor rivers run through it.
In retribution for the Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BCE, Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE) continued his father’s preparations for a full-scale invasion of Persia. Alexander did not need to speak with friends or contact anybody about his invasion strategy because he had practically all of Greece under his authority, a standing army of substantial size and power, and an entire treasury.
On October 28, 1940, the Italians conquered Greece but were immediately forced into Albania. For fear of offending Germany, Metaxas refused to allow British soldiers to arrive in Greece, but his successor changed that decision when he died in January 1941.
On April 6, 1941, the Germans conquered Greece. On April 23, they took Athens. During WWII, the Greeks were greatly affected, and many perished from famine.
Greece became a member of the EU IN 1981. In 2001, Greece became a member of the Eurozone. A severe economic downturn hit Greece in 2009. By 2012, Greece’s jobless rate had risen to 25%. It did, however, drop. It was at 18.5 percent in November of 2018. Greece’s economy has been growing steadily since 2017. Greece’s population will be 10.4 million people in 2020.
Archaeology is a profession that is deeply rooted in Chinese history. However, the fabled founders of Chinese culture, such as Shennong, the Divine Farmer, and Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor, were challenged by intellectual and political reformers in the 1920s.
The fossil record in China promises significant contributions to the knowledge of human beginnings. By the time of the Lower Paleolithic, which lasted around 2,500,000 years and ended 10,000 years ago, there was a lot of evidence of Homo erectus.
Periods of political unity and peace have alternated with periods of conflict and failed states in Chinese history, the most recent of which is the Chinese Civil War (1927–1949). Steppe peoples ruled China on time, although the majority were incorporated into Han Chinese culture and population. Chinese dynasties have controlled portions of China between the ages of numerous kingdoms and warlordism.
The present Chinese culture is based on traditional culture and influences from other areas of Asia and the Western world.
The compass, gunpowder, paper, and printing technology are four significant innovations in Chinese history.
In the nineteenth century, the military began to dominate Spanish politics, and two dictatorships developed in the twentieth century. Rivera’s from 1923 to 1930, and Franco’s from 1939 to 1975. Franco stayed in power after keeping Spain out of World War II. when he died, he intended to return to monarchy, which occurred in 1975–78 with the re-emergence of a democratic Spain.
Nonetheless, Spain was turned into a sophisticated industrial economy with a strong tourism sector during the 1960s and 1970s. Its economic growth improved income distribution and aided the development of a substantial middle class. Moreover, economic growth and the influx of new ideas helped pave the way for Spain’s democratic transition.
The Bottom Line
We can gain a feeling of identity through studying history. One of the critical reasons why history is still taught in schools worldwide is because of this. As a result, historians have gained insight into the establishment of countries, families, and communities and how they have altered and evolved.
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