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Sugar Cane Production By Country (Top 92 Countries)


Sugarcane is a versatile and economically significant crop cultivated extensively in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the globe. It is grown predominantly for the production of Sugar, which is used in various food and beverage products. It is produced in 121 countries, and the annual global production has surpassed 120 million tonnes. Approximately 70% is derived from sugar cane, a tall vegetation with large stems primarily cultivated in tropical regions. The remaining 30% is derived from sugar beetroot, a root crop that resembles a large parsnip and is cultivated primarily in northern temperate zones.

Sugarcane production is a complex process involving planting, growing, harvesting, and processing the cane to extract its liquid, which is then further processed to produce different types of Sugar. The sugarcane industry is a significant source of income and employment for millions of people around the globe, particularly in developing nations where it is an important cash crop. However, environmental sustainability, labour practises, and economic competitiveness pose challenges for the industry.

Facts About Sugarcane Production:

  • Sugarcane is a tropical grass cultivated in over one hundred countries, with Brazil being the biggest producer, followed by India and China.
  • Sugarcane is typically harvested after 12 to 18 months of growth in a muggy and humid climate.
  • Ethanol, a renewable fuel that can be combined with petrol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, is also produced from sugarcane.
  • Both sugarcane and sugar beets are viable sources for sugar extraction. Sometimes, corn sugar is used as an alternative sweetener.
  • China is the biggest producer of Sugar, but high tariffs impede its exports.
  • Cane sugar makes up 80% of the market, but sugar beets are essential in more northern climes.
  • Regardless of the reality that sugarcane production can be helpful for local economies, it can also have negative environmental effects such as deforestation, soil degradation, and water pollution.

Health Benefits of Eating Sugarcane:

Due to its high nutrient content, eating sugarcane can benefit your health in several ways. Sugarcane is a good source of calcium, potassium, magnesium, and iron, all essential nutrients. Sugarcane’s natural sugars can also give you a quick energy boost, making it an excellent snack for a quick pick-me-up. Sugarcane has a lot of fibre, which helps with digestion and can keep you from getting constipated. The potassium in sugarcane is also essential for controlling blood pressure and keeping the heart healthy. Sugarcane also has anti-inflammatory compounds called antioxidants.

Sugarcane is good for your health and can also help you stay hydrated. Sugarcane juice is a natural way to quench your thirst and can help replace fluids you lose when you work out or when it is hot outside. Also, sugarcane juice has a low glycemic index, so it does not quickly raise blood sugar levels like other sweets. Because of this, It is a good choice for people who have diabetes or are trying to keep their blood sugar under control. But it is important to remember that sugarcane should be eaten in balance since too much of it can raise blood sugar and make you gain weight.

Where is sugarcane grown?

The countries with the most sugarcane production have milder tropical climates. Extreme temperatures and a lack of precipitation result in drought, which reduces the amount of sugar cane that can be harvested. However, it is not all negative news. High temperatures can increase the sucrose yield from sugarcane, even though such conditions may result in much smaller cane plantations.

The continent with the most beet-producing regions in Europe. Inadequate weather conditions, such as flooding, frost, and precipitation, threaten the crop’s development.

How is Sugar made from sugarcane?

The production of Sugar from sugarcane is a multi-step procedure involving extraction, clarification, and crystallization. Sugarcane is first harvested and then transported to the sugar mill for processing. First, the sugarcane is crushed to extract its liquid, which contains sucrose, water, and other impurities. Next, the juice is clarified to eliminate impurities, including plant debris, proteins, and minerals. Typically, this is accomplished by adding lime and carbon dioxide to the liquid, which causes the pollutants to form solids that can then be extracted. The clarified juice is then boiled to remove extraneous water and concentrate its sugar content. The resulting syrup is then passed through a series of evaporators and crystallizers, where sugar crystals are formed and separated from the remaining syrup. The sugar crystals are then dried, graded, and packaged in various culinary and beverage products. To ensure a consistent and high-quality product, the entire process of producing Sugar from sugarcane must be carefully monitored and subject to stringent quality control.

Here is a list of the largest sugar cane producers by country, according to FAO:

RankCountryTotal Production (In Tonnes)
1Brazil 715,659,212
2India 405,399,000
3China 107,258,724
4Pakistan 88,650,593
5Thailand 66,278,506
6Mexico 55,485,309
7Oceania 32,907,882
8Indonesia 32,200,000
9Australia 31,133,488
10United States 29,964,310
11Guatemala 27,755,313
12Philippines 26,277,402
13Colombia 24,031,713
14Argentina 18,627,377
15South Africa 17,991,000
16Egypt 12,360,553
17Myanmar 11,649,165
18Ecuador 11,372,505
19Cuba 11,205,300
20VietNam 10,740,873
21Bolivia 10,089,785
22Peru 9,827,808
23Iran 8,258,193
24Kenya 7,783,303
25El Salvador 7,507,799
26Paraguay 7,221,100
27Nicaragua 7,106,234
28Eswatini 5,715,375
29Dominican Republic 5,505,530
30Uganda 5,369,184
31Sudan 5,331,475
32Zambia 5,102,118
33Honduras 4,761,639
34Costa Rica 4,296,647
35Tanzania 3,515,493
36Zimbabwe 3,450,000
37Bangladesh 3,332,546
38Venezuela 3,214,539
39Nepal 3,183,943
40Malawi 3,156,761
41Madagascar 3,122,686
42Cambodia 2,994,967
43Mozambique 2,986,785
44Mauritius 2,669,667
45Panama 2,414,798
46DR Congo 2,180,410
47Côte d'Ivoire 2,102,319
48Belize 1,893,663
49Laos 1,885,346
50Nigeria 1,498,023
51Haiti 1,465,230
52Fiji 1,417,000
53Senegal 1,386,250
54Japan 1,306,566
55Guyana 1,280,703
56Cameroon 1,230,923
57Ethiopia 1,169,527
58Angola 951,173
59Sri Lanka 825,541
60Congo 716,875
61Mali 645,692
62Morocco 613,254
63Taiwan 594,724
64Burkina Faso 506,733
65Jamaica 499,218
66Uruguay 457,000
67Niger 445,294
68Chad 410,102
69Papua New Guinea 353,788
70Guinea 316,681
71Gabon 288,611
72Liberia 275,988
73Somalia 213,330
74Burundi 200,746
75Ghana 153,956
76Central African Republic 129,698
77Rwanda 97,991
78Barbados 92,129
79Suriname 86,950
80Benin 82,856
81Sierra Leone 81,323
82Bahamas 61,991
83Afghanistan 37,638
84Malaysia 24,931
85Cabo Verde 22,900
86Guinea-Bissau 6,831
87Grenada 5,618
88Dominica 4,916
89Oman 1,661
90Bhutan 290
91Djibouti 54
92Samoa 12

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